Drawing on Math

math drawing by student

The Drawing on Math project was born out a year-long partnership between educational researcher Dr. Damian Bebell and Kristin Frang from the Muskegon Area School District (MI) Regional Mathematics and Science Center.

However, using students’ classroom drawings for research and reflection has a long and rich history across different subjects, students, and areas of focus. On these pages, we provide a summary of published research and resources for using drawings for research and reflection in the classroom.

The primary source for much of the work conducted and presented here is the 2004 article Drawing on Education published in the Harvard Educational Review. This article by Walt Haney, Mike Russell, and Damian Bebell includes a summary of the literature and methodological considerations for using across student drawings research. Drawing on Education Harvard Educational Review (PDF).

A deeper investigation into the long history of using student drawings for a wide variety of purposes and settings is further explored in the 2004 Annotated Drawing on Educational Bibliography byAnn Tan and Walt Haney. This bibliography collects and catalogues over 250 articles and resources assembled by Dr. Walt Haney though a generous grant from the Spencer Foundation. This bibliography represents a wide range of literature, including books, articles and dissertations, particularly concerning the use of drawings in education and schooling. Haney and Tan Annotated Bibliography (PDF).

Although much of the resources here pertain more directly to the K-12 math community, the use of drawings for research and reflection has not been limited to learners in K12 settings. Indeed, Dr. Larry Ludlow has used classroom drawings for self-reflection as a Boston College Professor and statistics instructor throughout his career. The following papers and resources highlight Dr. Ludlow’s decade’s use of drawings for reflection and research:

Example drawing on math drawing

Example drawing on math drawing

Additional educational research and evaluation studies that have used student drawings include:

This unique project encourages and assists educators in collecting and using students’ classroom drawings for fostering deeper and more empirical reflection. This website provides teachers and schools with resources for collecting, analyzing and using drawings from your students as a simple reflective and research tool. If you would like more information about this work please reach out to:

Project Director Kristin Frang
Mathematics Consultant
Muskegon Area ISD Regional Mathematics & Science Center
630 Harvey Street
Muskegon, MI 49442

Research Director Dr. Damian Bebell
Reflective Educational Research
Reflective Educational Research

Muskegon Area Intermediate School District (MAISD)
Reflective Educational Research